عنوان مقاله [English]
In the past, forest road network designing was mainly done for its main goals-management and exploitation. This study was performed to pay attention for multilateral goals of forest roads, especially its role in forest villages’ development, in Estakhr-Posht of Neka (6 villages) in series 2, section 6 of Neka-Zalem rood forest management plan. At first, constructed forest roads and suggested roads were calculated in 3 decades (1986, 1996, and 2006). Then, development situation and the benefits of studied villages services from implementation of the plan at each decades was determined by using statistical sources and related information to population and housing census, agriculture and complementally questionnaire for each one of villages (general, social, economic characteristics, services, facilities and available possibilities) on the basis of pre-eminent related to road construction. With doing attention to villages’ access to means of communication type of roads the advantage of profit rate of forest road was calculated. Data was processed with Excel software and then, the relation between accessing of forest roads donations and village development was analyzed by Pearson correlation test. The Result showed that Calculated correlation rate was equal to r=0.866 that alluding to direct and meaningful relation was between access to forest roads and village development. Finally this study indicated that the villages by accessing to forest roads for more years and means of communication in long time could be enjoyed possibilities, services and had best situation in respect of rural development.