عنوان مقاله [English]
Awareness of species diversity changes in effect of forest management and utilization, will give us valuable information from forests stand that help us in correct decision making, future planning and sustainable management. The aim of this study is evaluation of tree species diversity indices in natural forest stands compared to managed forest stands in a part of district one and two Shast Kalate forests of Gorgan. The circular plots with 0.1 ha area were collected in a systematic random sampling design. In each plot, we recorded species and their diameter for all trees with a diameter at breast height (D.B.H) greater than or equal to 12.5cm and richness, evenness and diversity indices computed in all plots. Also, the independent T test was used for comparing richness, evenness and diversity indices between natural and managed forest stands. Also, the rarefaction method was used for accumulation pattern of species. The results of statistical test showed that differences in Menhenick and Margalef richness indices, Simpson Reciprocal (Hill), Shannon-Wiener and common species diversity, Simpson, Camargo, Smith-wilson and Modified nee evenness indices between managed forest stands and natural stands forest in 95% probability are significant that represented the correct management and positive trend in managed forest stand. Also this result expressed that forest management and utilization were preserved the tree diversity in this study area and managed forest didn’t have distance from evolutionary trend.